Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology involving the function and structure of the brain and how it relates to behavior, emotion and cognition.  ‘Neuro’ is based on the Greek word ‘neuron’ meaning nerve; psychology is based on the two Greek root words ‘psycho’ meaning soul or mind and ‘logos’ meaning study.

A neuropsychologist then assesses a client using specialized neuropsychological tests which may include vision, perception, reasoning, memory, emotional state, learning and other areas.  He or she will also use other assessments and techniques as relate to the physiology, neurology, and behavior of the client with the objective of diagnosing, treating or rehabilitating.

A typical session is about 1 hour and will include usually a consultation about medical and personal history.   A client will usually have more than one session to complete testing and assess findings as well as set goals and make improvements or adjustments.  Neuropsychological assessments can be done for both children and adults. 

Neuropsychologists treat a wide range of disorders including:

  • General rehabilitation after illness or injury
  • Dementia
  • Competency
  • Chronic pain
  • Brain injury such as tumors and stroke
  • Central nervous system disorders such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease
  • Autism
  • Epilepsy
  • Learning disabilities
  • Attention-Deficit Disorder

With regard to children the following are some of the concerns that can be addressed: attention and learning problems, known or potential brain injury, genetic disorders, cerebral palsy, autism, epilepsy, and autism.

With regard to adults, the following are some of the concerns that can be addressed: effects of neurological disorders or medical disorders, stroke, head trauma, dementia and memory loss, depression and anxiety, post traumatic stress, attention deficit disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder.

Related therapies or techniques include Biofeedback, Neurofeedback, and Virtual Reality Therapy.

Specific Techniques


Select a region to view to corresponding Neuropsychology professionals operating there: